Monday, July 6, 2020
Homosexuality in Perspective: A Great Leap From the Past (Essay Sample) Content: Homosexuality in Perspective: A great leap from the pastInstitutionNameInstructorCourseDateFor over a century now, scientific and popular belief has strictly opined that male homosexuality springs from and expresses something Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"feminineÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ in men, being addressed as the absence of required levels of masculinity in men . This was a malady that bewildered even the most established liberal society where as matter of fact the concept of gay identity was not in any sense recognized, the homosexuals were deemed to be ailing from Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"deviantÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ personalities. Reynaldo Arenas brings out all this pertinent issues in his book christened Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"Before Night fallsÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬, which was also made a film in 2000.The government of the day subjected homosexuals to persecution, alienation and McCarthyism ideals. When Fidel Castro took power after the revolution most of the gay population were driven off to labor camps forÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ" re-educationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ and were perceived to be counter revolutionary. Reynaldo implores the presence Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Of the existing sexual repressionÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ because Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"the dictatorship was considered evil, anything it proscribed was seen in a positive light by the nonconformist who were the majority at that timeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ (Schnabel, 2000, scene 8).This brings out the issue of power groups imposing on the society of what they deem as the appropriate sexuality. This idea is premised on an erroneous reasoning since Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"sexual types and categories were socially constructed by identifiable power groups and the notion of sexuality as the truth of our identity and being was created by the power relations which simultaneously defined the meaning of sexualityÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ (Kinsman,1996, p.34). Institutionalized sexuality thus hindered the recognition of homosexuality as an appropriate form of sexuality.The social division of labor builds around a socia l separation between the sexes; by and large establishes a social and economic dependence between men and women, ideally putting a premium on heterosexuality. Heterosexuality itself is a power relationship of men over women what gay men are rejecting is essentially polar experiences (faraday, 1985). That is why if a man reclaims the right to refuse his sexual availability to women or who goes against the fundamental principles of patriarchal society that contain, inhibit, restrain, determine and the definition of the role of a man should not be deemed to have absconded the Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"privilegeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ of being a man. This is because Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"sex as gender and sex as sexuality are thus defined in terms of each other, but it is sexuality that determines gender not the other way roundÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ (Mackinnon, 1979, p.15).Ironically, the repression and persecution greatly oscillated the desire of gays to unite through a shared repression of experience aiding to spur the moder n gay civil rights movement. Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ÃÅ"Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬ Concentration camps for homosexuals and the police officers disguise as willing young men to entrap and arrest homosexuals, actua...
Wednesday, July 1, 2020
Economic Crisis of Greece: History and Speculations (Research Paper Sample) Content: (Word count: 1189)NameInstructorCourseDate of SubmissionEconomic Crisis of Greece: History and SpeculationsGreece is heavily indebted to its international creditors and is being looked upon by EuropeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s economic giants as a "problem that wonÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬t go awayÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã . Indeed, even after passing a vote by which the Greek people agreed to the terms of the European Central Bank, the country is still in economic crisis. Things may improve, and the country will go back to its former glory, but this will not happen overnight. According to the Business Dictionary, an economic crisis is "a situation in which the economy of a country experiences a sudden downturn brought on by a financial crisis." Although the term "financial crisis" is often used interchangeably with "economic crisisÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã , the two words bear a slight difference in meaning. A financial crisis is a situation where there are problems in the banking sector and the stock market. Continu ed persistence of these problems ultimately results in an economic crisis. This paper will objectively look at the economic crisis in Greece, how it started and analyze propositions brought forward by economic analysts and major players in the European Union. Further, this paper will put forward a fair representation of the positive and negative aspects of different positions and primary figures involved in the crisis.As Sachs observed concerning Greece, "financial crisis is caused by a countryÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s indebtednessÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬" (para.2). He goes further and attributes the situation to poor judgment, corruption, over optimism among other issues. The history of GreeceÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s economic nightmare started with the world financial crisis in 2007. The world financial crisis was itself brought by the collapse of Lehman Brothers, a sprawling global bank Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬" The Economist (para.1). The article goes on to lay blame on the worldÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s central banks, the general culture tol erated by banks where they lent in excess. The fact that the worldÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s economic giants had enjoyed low inflation rates and steadily increasing growth in GDP made central banks complacent, and they failed to exercise caution in dealing with securities. These securities turned out to be shady, and in the end the banks could not recover the full amount that they lent out on these securities. The problem naturally flows to the smaller banks. Allison found that "smaller banks follow the same practice because if they do not, they end up with a lower return on equity than their competitors" (p.23) Greece had been in financial turmoil long before the world financial crisis. The New York Times observes that it [Greece] had long been reporting false financial figures concerning its debt (para.10). In 2010, Greece was heading toward bankruptcy and that is when the world began to understand the full severity of the economic situation. An initial sum of 240 billion Euros was lent out to the country, coupled with tough regulations. Creditors demanded that the Greek government employ austerity measures, essentially cutting back on its spending.Some propositions have been put forward to help bring Greece back to economic stability. Among these are "a leave of absence" (Feldstein, para.4) Feldstein proposes that Greece should exit the Eurozone for a while and have its currency. He further elaborates that if the Greek currency depreciates against the Euro, Greeks will be forced to spend their money on locally manufactured goods because they would be cheaper. Depreciation of the Greek currency against the Euro would revitalize the local economy and Greece will be back on its feet. All this will only work if the Greek currency loses its value against the Euro. However, if the local currency in Greece follows the opposite trend and appreciates against the Euro, this will encourage Greeks to spend more money on goods and services outside their country. The local manufacturi ng sector will be hurt as the citizens prefer exports. The money is going would be lost to other economies in the Eurozone and Greece will slowly go back to an economic crisis. FeldsteinÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s proposition heavily relies on the failure of GreeceÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s currency which cannot be guaranteed. A second suggestion would be to have excesses remain at 1 percent (Stiglitz, para.5). He observes that GreekÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s creditors have run the country down by imposing strict austerity measures and taking away whatever little the country makes. The people of Greece have a paltry sum to share out among themselves, an amount too little to make any positive economic impact. In his view, structural reforms should be discussed by the countryÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s lawmakers only after the achievement of sustained growth for at least two years. Sustained growth should see a drop in the number of unemployed youth and continual growth in the countryÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s GDP.The future of GreeceÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s economic stability lies solely on the measures its government chooses to undertake. Too much austerity will cripple the economy as there would be no government spending to encourage growth. The private sector will find it hard to do business because the government would have adopted a strict tax regime in which no incentives would be made available. Unemployment will soar to levels never seen before, and crime will be the order of the day. In my view, the Greek government can only avoid all these negative outcomes by adopting the measures used by the US to get out of the financial crisis. The only ...
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The word Ã¢â¬Å"freedomÃ¢â¬ has always been a cornerstone of the numerous transformations of the American society. It is the notion that is found in speeches of both Republican and Democrat politicians, the idea that connected the mind of an affluent Southern plantation owner and that of a radical abolitionist. Generally, the understanding of any period in the United States history as a whole relies heavily on acquiring the knowledge of the way of life, and the patterns of thought of the American public. The meaning of freedom provides a unique insight into social models, and can be considered a crucial factor when examining the impact of the key events in the history of the United States, namely the Civil War. The three speeches by the prominent American politicians and presidents from 1850Ã¢â¬â¢s throughout the Civil War era will be compared and analyzed with respect to their definition of freedom in order to demonstrate the different perceptions of this concept in the 19th ce ntury American society. As the Republican Party emerged to dominate the political scene of the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s, a new vision of the American North and its values started to gain increasing influence amongst the members of the Party. William Henry Seward, a senator from New York, describes and summarizes these values in his speech Ã¢â¬Å"The Irrepressible ConflictÃ¢â¬ that was delivered at Rochester in 1858. The conflict that he refers to is the conflict between two different social and economic systems, between slave labor and freeShow MoreRelatedThe Civil War : The United States1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil War divided the United States with itsÃ¢â¬â¢ origin in the struggle to preserve the Union from the ConfederacyÃ¢â¬â¢s succession. A war to maintain the United States quickly progressed to battles fought because of the controversial beliefs on slavery in the North and South. In the coming of the Civil War there were questions and confusion that many Americans were faced with in the words of t he SouthÃ¢â¬â¢s succession. During the war, families were torn due to the men lost to the Union or Confederate causesRead MoreThe United States Civil War918 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe United States civil war is thought of as what determined what kind of country we would be today. The U.S. civil war, otherwise known as the war of the states, began on April 12, 1861, and lasted until 1865. It consisted of the North (the Union) or the Ã¢â¬Å"free statesÃ¢â¬ , against the South (the confederates) the slave states. When Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860 he made promises of free territories, which caused a division between men who owned slaves and men who agreed with Lincoln. SlavesRead MoreUnited States And The Civil War1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUS Civil War United States of America was formed as a result of the revolution that continued from 1776 to 1783. After that, United States was divided into two wings/ parts that are the southern and the northern parts. Then conflict between the two aroused because the northern and the southern societies were totally different of each other in terms of economic structure, social class, politics and other social matters especially slavery. The civil war, that started in 1861 and ended in 1865, wasRead MoreThe Civil War : The United States909 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Civil War was one of the most pivotal and significant moments in the history of the United States of America. Therefore, its impact of the Civil War was tremendous, and in many ways has shaped the way the United States has evolved into the present. The Civil War brought lots of beneficial changes to America including economic, agriculture, military, and peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. During the Civil War, women stepped out of their domestic do mains to help or support their husbands in the field, or other soldiersRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Civil War of the United States was a major and influential event in the history of our country. The Civil War shaped our nation and how we think of liberty in general. Such a big event in our antiquity must have been caused by a series of dominant events. However, a War of this size has many effects to go along with it. The most common effect thought of is the freedom of slaves, however, the Civil War was not just a war fought for freedom. One major cause of the Civil War was the issue of slaveryRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1561 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCivil War Slaves Freedom can be defined as, Ã¢â¬Å"the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraintÃ¢â¬ . (Definition) Everyone in the United States of America is entitled to this basic human right, presented to us by our founding fathers, though it was not always that simple. Even though it was in the Constitution, many people living before the mid 18th century in the United States were not extended this right, due to their nationality or lack of fortune. Someone lackingRead MoreThe United States And The Civil War920 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesknown in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other sectional names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew t o include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additionalRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Blundering GenerationÃ¢â¬ Division among a population for opposing goals wasn t a new concept brought to light by the Civil War. Almost one hundred years prior to the Civil War, inhabitants of the thirteen colonies fought against each other towards their differing support for their wages of unity. Patriots fought Loyalists for coalition of the colonies, and likewise Northerners now fought Southerners for the preservation of the Union. The imminent breakup of the Union, likewise to the dissolutionRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The Civil War was one of the most deadly wars the United States ever fought it was fought between the North and South and to this day still leaves a big mark on the history of the United States. Though the Civil War seemed to be clear cut on what happened during the conflict its cause is to this day seemingly undecided. Was it the simple piece of legislature called the Kansas-Nebraska act that started it or the election of the United States president Abraham Lincoln that caused the turmoil? EitherRead MoreThe Civil War Of The United States1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof the United States was the Civil War. The Civil War is often remembered as the war to end slavery. While that did play a part of the Civil War the larger issue at hand was the annihilation of the United States of America. The Confederate States of America wanted to break away from the United States and form their own country. The Confederate States of America, or more commonly known as the Confederacy, was formed by seven slave states located in the southern region of the United States. The economy
Creating A More Effective Organizational Culture 620 WCM Module Four Short Paper Southern New Hampshire University Kathleen Cantwell 4/30/17 Cultural Perspectives ABC Corporation has a culture that is based on providing award winning after-sales service to ensure it has repeat customers (WCM 620 Final Project Case Study, 2017). Thomas prides himself on creating a culture that produces high-performance numbers by encouraging his employees to handle a high volume of calls. Thomas believed that each employee should be clear on company protocol and performance expectations with a focus on high productivity (WCM 620 Final Project Case Study, 2017). During the conflict, Thomas believed that his front-line manager,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Because the emphasis on productivity was evident at ABC Corporation, Kareem felt that if his performance numbers had been an issue, it would have been brought to his attention by his managers, Thomas and Janet. KareemÃ¢â¬â¢s co-worker, Michael, values his hard work and effort that he has put forth to help his unit receive recognition for their high productivity outcomes that are common to their company s culture (WCM 620 Final Project Case Study, 2017). Michael felt that Kareem s excessive breaks and odd behavior were a barrier to receiving recognition (WCM 620 Final Project Case Study, 2017). This perspective pushed Michael to make a complaint about Kareem s behavior and performance. On the other hand, Kathy, employee, and friend of Kareem, was new to her position in the unit and wanted to meet Thomas expectations (WCM 620 Final Project Case Study, 2017). She understood the company s high-performance culture due to her previous five years with the company. Kathy reported that she believed the unitÃ¢â¬â¢s environment to be Ã¢â¬Å"competitive and hostileÃ¢â¬ (WCM 620 Final Project Case Study, 2017). Kathy reported that because of the environment, she tends to stay focused on her work because she is worried of being let go. She and Kareem became friends and helped each other if they were struggling with performance issues (WCM 620 Final Project Case Study, 2017). Kathy knew about Kareem s religious requirements and was aware of hisShow MoreRelatedDo Organizations Always Benefit From Creating A Positive Culture?1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDo organizations always benefit from creating a positive culture? Does creating this positive culture motivate employees to work harder, smarter and be more productive? There are recent studies that suggest that employees, who are in a positive work environment, are more productive. Developing and building strong leadership can help, especially in a down economy. Creating this type of culture is not a cure-all, but if an organization commits to it, the company could reap many benefits from thisRead MoreVisual And Verbal Components Of An Organization Essay1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Culture is something like behavioral rules which are unwritten and unspoken that is produced when group of people comes at a place to work together. Culture is created by the attitude, the values, beliefs and important assumptions as well as performance and activities shared by a group of people. Organizational culture is made up of every sort of experiences that all employee brings to the work place. Organization culture is particularly introduced by the organization s founder, executivesRead MoreTeamwork Culture1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEvery company has its own personality or culture. For an organization to be successful over the long term, its culture needs to be managed effectively. Management Systems culture management products or process are designed to help firms define our culture and understand how it affects behavior and organizational success. The process serves as input to the development of strategies for systematically managing culture as a competitive advantage. Besides, I think a manager is directly responsibleRead MoreCulture Shaping Leadership : The Business World987 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCulture-Shaping Leadership The business world has expanded globally in the 21st century. With the development of the Internet, companies can expand into new markets in a fraction of the time previously necessary. With this new global frontier, organizations have found new challenges. Culture barriers present real obstacles for building cohesive organizational structure. In order to overcome this hurdle and take advantage of the cultural diversity, the leadership must find an effective model to accommodateRead MoreOrganizational Culture And Its Effect On Individual Perception Of Authority, Behavior, And Learning945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbuilding, and effective meeting strategies, as discussed in the previous are components that allude to one large apparatus of organizationsÃ¢â¬âorganizational culture. Organizational culture provides guidelines for which leaders are inspired, for how colleagues act toward one another, for how teams are built, and for how visions are achieved. As a result, it is vital to not o nly understand the previously described components of culture, but culture as a construct; culture as a whole. The culture of an organizationRead MoreOrganizational Structures And Organizational Cultures For Different Organizations Essay1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescomparison of various different kinds of organizational structures and organizational cultures for different organizations. In addition, the task takes into account the impact of the culture and the structure of organization on the functions and operation of business. However, the various factors which influence the individual performance and behaviour at work is also given emphasis in this part of the report. The second task of the assignment brings forth the effective styles of leadership which can beRead MoreThe Need for a Strong Safety Culture in the Workplace Essay1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe death of twenty-nine workers in an explosion at an underground mine site is a catastrophic example that demonstrates the critical need for a strong safety culture in the workplace. Ben Heineman, the author of the article Ã¢â¬Å"Valuing Safety is Good for CompaniesÃ¢â¬â¢ Bottom Line,Ã¢â¬ (2010) suggests that Ã¢â¬Å"culture consists of the shared principles and shared practices which influence how people in organizations feel, think, and behave.Ã¢â¬ Today, most industries view strong safety regulations as a crucialRead MoreImportance of Communications in an Organization1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImportance of Communications in an Organization Your Name Your College or University Abstract The accelerating pace of change is creating an exceptional level of turbulence in even the most well-run organizations today. Combined with uncertainty over roles, responsibilities and jobs, employees are more anxious and concerned with the future direction of the organizations they are members of than ever before. Thats why communications within organization is so critical today, specifically theRead MoreEffective Communication And Successful Implementation Of Change Initiatives1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Organizational change is inevitable and seemingly always on the horizon in the business world. It can directly affect organizational culture in both a positive and negative aspect. In order to combat the negative components of change that will surface, effective communication must be utilized as a part of the change strategy. Organizational change defined by Hurn (2012 cited in Bourne, 2015:p. 142) Ã¢â¬Å"involves changing an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s direction from the present position to a more desiredRead MoreA Complex Value Creation System Using Management Concepts811 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesis being able to prioritize, making decision and coordinate the entire process effectively and efficiently through others, while utilizing all the resources to achieve the organization objectives and goals. The novel continues as Mr. Rogo seeks for more suggestion from his colleague Jonah to keep the plant operating producing revenue. Mr. Rogo is having some personal issues at the moment, he is h aving a difficult time managing his family which is probably affecting his professional life and the decision
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
According to Mark Early, president of the Prison Fellowship International, the Bureau of Justice Statistics report shows that there are 19 states that have prisons operating at 100 percent capacity and another 20 are falling right behind them. There is no wonder why the overcrowding of prisons is being discussed everywhere. Not to mention how serious this predicament is and how serious it can get. Many of the United States citizens donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand why this is such a serious matter due to the fact that some of them believe itÃ¢â¬â¢s not their problem. Therefore they just donÃ¢â¬â¢t care about it. Also, some Americans may say that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t care about what could happen to the inmates due to repercussions of overcrowding, because itÃ¢â¬â¢s their ownÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦That was two years ago and the prison population have continued to grow since then, so can you imagine what it is now? Now, think of what the prisoners have to go through. Andrea Caumont sh ared some of the problems prisoners are having, because of prison overcrowding. She says that in California the United States Supreme Court told the state to reduce its prison population, because overcrowded conditions are amounting to cruel and unusual punishment. Can you imagine what must be happening for the Supreme Court to rule it as cruel and unusual punishment? Not only are they being punished cruelly, the prisoners are also losing their opportunities to participate in the prisons self-improvement programs and the vocational training, because there is less of everything to go around. Therefore all resources, even food, are being stretched to the max. (John Howard goes into more detail on this issue in his paper The Effects of Prison Overcrowding on the P.A.T.R.I.C.K Crusade website.) The prisoners are not the only ones being affected by this problem, this problem is affecting everyone. The overcrowding of prisons can date back to the 1850Ã¢â¬â¢s, when they imprisoned debtors, delinquent juveniles, minor misdemeanants and felons all together with no separation. The King Edwards Public School students created their own websiteShow MoreRelatedPrison Overcrowding1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbstract This paper will discuss prison overcrowding and what type of numbers have come about over the years when it comes to inmates being imprisoned. It will discuss the cost of a prisoner annually as well as the decision to add verses build when it comes to new facilities. The overcrowding in one particular prison will be touched on as well as whose responsibility it is for upkeep. It will discuss how funding plays a role in overcrowding as well as the Ã¢â¬Å"three strikesÃ¢â¬ rule in California andRead MorePrison Overcrowding953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPrison Overcrowding Sherita Bowens American Intercontinental University April 24, 2010 Abstract Prison overcrowding is one of the many different problems throughout the world that law enforcement faces. Prison overcrowding not only affects those in law enforcement, it also affects the taxpayers in the community as well. The problem of overcrowded prisons is being handled in many different ways. Some of these ways have been proven to be sufficient and successful while others have not beenRead MorePrison Overcrowding2966 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Prison Overcrowding: Using Proposals from Nevada and California to Recommend an Alternative AnswerÃ¢â¬ By: Casey Apao For: Dr. Sarri CSN Fall 2010 Dedication: Ã¢â¬Å"I, the undersigned, Casey Apao hereby certify that without the assistance of Henry Apao this Critical Thinking Scientific Paper wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be done.Ã¢â¬ Signed , Casey Apao Disclaimer: Ã¢â¬Å"I, Casey Apao hereby certify that this Critical Thinking Scientific Paper is the result of my sole intellectualRead MoreOvercrowding Prisons And The Prisons Essay1785 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAlma Gonzalez Professor Shaw SOC 474OL 11 August 2016 Overcrowding Prisons Prisons were essentially built to accommodate a number of prisoners, but over the years, it has reached over capacity. Today in the United States, there are approximately 193,468 federal inmates that consist of the Bureau of Prisons Custody, private managed facilities and other facilities. The inmates ages range from 18- 65 with the median age being in their late 30Ã¢â¬â¢s. This number is counting both male and female populationRead MoreArticle Report On Overcrowding Of Prison Overcrowding1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Clark, Charles S. Prison Overcrowding. CQ Researcher 4 Feb. 1994: 97-120. Web. 26 Mar. 2016. This article discusses overcrowding in the United States prison system, due in part to mandatory prison sentences. Additionally, this article also discusses the challenges in managing the overpopulation of prisons and gives an objective look at solutions, to include building more prisons, to combat overcrowding. While the author does not include information about himself and his qualifications, hisRead MoreEffects Of Prison Overcrowding1345 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa few of the effects that prison overcrowding causes towards the inmates and the guards. I will first address the issue of violence that prison overcrowding causes. My next point will be the health of the inmates discussing both their physical and mental while in overcrowded prisons. Lastly I will discuss the physical and mental health of the correctional officers and how the job could lead to correctional officers having issues in their private life. Prison Overcrowding has become a major issueRead MoreThe Problem Of Prison Overcrowding1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe past 30 odd years, CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s prison population has grown by 750 percent (Ã¢â¬Å"CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s Perpetuating Prison CrisisÃ¢â¬ ). As this percentage perpetuates to make substantial gains, inmates are suffering in confinement cells, officials are negotiating over the issue, and the public is protesting to make their opinions count. The prison crisis has continued to grow over the years, causing a great uproar among all of CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢s 32 state prisons. Prison overcrowding has been an increasingly vital issueRead MoreThe Overcrowding Of Prison And Massachusetts1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAfter exploring options of which states had the most overcrowding in prisons, the best option to go with was California because states like Alabama and Massachusetts did not have current statistics. If anything, their statistics were from 2016 or 2013, making data harder to collect. Therefore, according to the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation website, the most recent report they have of the total population is as of midnight February 8, 2017. The total population is 180,885Read MoreThe Problem Of Prison Overcrowding1166 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBlackboard #1: Realignment Prison overcrowding has always been a problem in California prisons. It has been growing over the year and has now lead the United States Supreme Court to take part in trying to find a solution to this problem. Because of this issue, Plata litigation came through and had a significant impact on the way we see community corrections. The ruling in the Plata litigation in turn lead to AB 109 or The Public Safety Realignment Act to be implemented as a solution to CaliforniaÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MorePrison Overcrowding Essay1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Prison Overcrowding Nicole Neal American Intercontinental University Abstract This research paper is to explore the impact of prison overcrowding. The United States has a, what seems to be everlasting, prison overcrowding problem. Not only does the United States have this dilemma, but also many other countries have overcrowded prisons as well. Many issues need to be addressed; ways to reduce the prison populations and how to effectively reduce prison cost without
Essays on Social Justice Coursework Social Justice Living in social environment has always been considered to be one of the most important prerequisites for the development of the inner potential of a human being. However, there are also instances when one group is able to exercise its influence over another one and dominate in all the areas of social life. A good example is colonization. This paper will analyze the notion of social justice with regard to indigenous people and those who conquered them. Speaking of the former, one might suggest that justice may be manifested in the form of granting them a considerable amount of freedom in various affairs. For example, it would be advantageous if Ã¢â¬Å"indigenous people, as a specific form of exercising their right to self determination, have the right to autonomy or self governmentÃ¢â¬ (Churchill, 2003, 424). This way they will be able to preserve their traditional ways of life. As for those who dominate the social life on their territories, one should note that the se conquerors should exercise their powers within a defined framework, so that their rule would not be despotic. Indeed, in this case social justice will come in the form of laws that both parties will strictly comply with. So, the situation of conquering land of indigenous people surely distorts the social justice, but it may be restored in the following way: for aboriginals Ã¢â¬â in form of granting self government; for conquers Ã¢â¬â in form of setting just laws that they would comply to so that their rule will be fair and not oppressing.ReferencesChurchill, W. (2003). Perversions of justice: indigenous peoples and Anglo-American law. San Francisco: City Lights Books.
The role of Information Systems in managing operations Marriott International Inc. Essay Example For Students
The role of Information Systems in managing operations: Marriott International Inc. Essay The function of Information Systems in pull offing operations: Marriott International Inc. Executive sum-up Marriott International is a planetary cordial reception operator, with belongingss in the US and 60 nine other states and districts. Its operations include the franchising operation Marriott Lodging, which operates or franchises about 3,000 hotels and resorts under trade names such as JW Marriott Hotels, Renaissance and Courtyard. In entire, Marriott operates hotels under 14 different trade names, with four trade names in full-service housing, three in select-service housing, three in extended-stay housing and four in timeshare. This extended adjustment portfolio is combined with a man-made fuel production installation, which Marriott operates as a joint venture. ( Global Market Information Database, 2005 ) Given the broad size and range of MarriottÃ¢â¬â¢s operations around the Earth, information systems are critical to the smooth running of MarriottÃ¢â¬â¢s hotel operations, therefore this piece will analyze how they have fit into such a diverse portfolio. Contentss Introduction Procedure / Research Findingss / Analysis Decisions and recommendations Mentions Introduction Many concern administrations in today s information age have holistic, wide positions of concern operations, and orient them to suit the different types of single concern units or operations within their portfolio. In the past, companies were comparatively self-contained and information direction was straightforward, but the diverse concern demands of the modern environment, including scheme preparation, procedure definition, merchandise portfolio definition and building, capital equipment ownership, engineering, substructure and operations can no longer be kept on such a tight rein as many companies held them a decennary ago. ( Olson, 2005 ) The manner enterprises manage their operations has been changed, in cardinal ways, by the information age, and these new attacks are applied by corporations to strategically pull off operations and diverse portfolios with virtually every new enterprise, whether it is internal transmutation, where direct control of hazard factors is really high b ut engineering is new ; with spouses, where direct control over hazard factors is shared ; or with other stakeholders where direct control over hazard factors is frequently really low. As such, it is of import that diverse, transnational operators, such as Marriott International, have solid, manageable information systems in topographic point, to better enable them to pull off their diverse operations and investings. As such, this piece aims to utilize assorted beginnings of secondary research to analyze some of the systems Marriott International uses to pull off its hotel and providing operations information across its planetary hotel retentions. Procedure / Research My primary method of research has been to utilize on-line databases, such as EBSCO host, MINTEL and Euromonitor, to happen relevant articles, both on the usage of information systems in concern operations in general, and more specifically on the usage of information systems within Marriott InternationalÃ¢â¬â¢s concern theoretical account. One of the chief, and most good known, uses of information systems by Marriott International is its focal point on engineering enterprises to hike the company s gross revenues. In order to carry through this, the company has implemented a elaborate customer-relationship direction bundle from Siebel Systems Inc. , and engaged in a program to upgrade its cardinal reserves, gross and belongings direction systems, leting clients to see and book suites online. ( Rosen, 2001 ) Another, less good cognize and less obvious country where Marriott International uses information systems is across its many in house catering sections. To assistance with this, the company has completed a rollout of the ChefTec formula direction, nutrient costing and stock list system, a Windows-based platform developed by Culinary Software Services Inc. Marriott International corporate executive chef Peter DAndrea expressed enthusiasm with the new system and discussed the operator s old bill of fare direction procedure. ( Nation s Restaurant News, 1999 ) For illustration, the system means that formulas can be converted automatically from domestic, to metric graduated tables, to imperial sums in the United Kingdom, where Marriott has many belongingss. The operator besides has versions of package in several linguistic communications, including English, Spanish and German, and is working on one in Mandarin Chinese. Marriott besides added its ain glossary of culinary footings, optimal cookery times for off-used nutrients and a year-around planning characteristic, which helps chefs with seasonal bill of fares ; for illustration it informs them that March is the peak month for Asparagus officinales. Denver-based Culinary Software Services besides worked closely with Marriott to cull about 2,500 of its formulas and 500 images and retroflex them onto CD-ROMs, which were be distributed to more than 400 of Marriott s full-service hotels in the United States and abroad. ( Nation s Restaurant News, 1999 ) Taking advantage of ChefTec s nucleus an d advanced characteristics, Marriott International besides will be able to make the followers: form stock lists based on commands from multiple sellers ; hunt for formulas by ingredients, classs and names ; attach exposure and picture files to formulas ; and salvage formulas in the hypertext markup linguistic communication, which will let chefs to administer them over the Internet. William Shakespeare's play, Macbeth, reveals the a EssayAnother monolithic impact of information systems on Marriotts concern is the impact of supplying Ã¢â¬Ëfree-to-guestÃ¢â¬â¢ internet entree engineering on the hoteliersÃ¢â¬â¢ gross. When this engineering foremost came on the scene, hotelkeepers saw it as an chance for gross coevals, nevertheless as clip progressed, it became a necessity for invitees, every bit good as portion of the scheme to make exceeding value. For case, at Marriott International Inc. s Courtyard and SpringHill Suites trade names, invitees are taking advantage of the high-velocity Internet entree service for more than merely electronic-mail. They are accessing digital music and other types of digital content, and Marriott is presently responsible for the costs of this. ( Shaw, 2005 ) However, as dependable, free to guest internet entree becomes more and more of a demand for invitees, Marriott is being forced to construct these costs into its concern the oretical account, and therefore is able to take a more holistic attack to client information engineering and systems across its concern. This enables Marriott to derive supply concatenation purchase in this country, therefore cut downing the costs of information systems and Internet entree across the group as a whole. Decisions and recommendations By alining the IT scheme with the concern scheme over the past three old ages, Marriott s senior direction has grown to see engineering as an investing instead than an disbursal. The construct of delegating a concern lead and an IT lead to all major undertakings that are technology-enabled starts at the executive degree ( Computerworld, 2001 ) , and executive decision-making meetings, such as Marriott s Business Strategy Review, e-Business Council and Digital Business Strategy, are all cross-functional and co-led. As a consequence, IT better understands and supports Marriott s concern scheme, and concern executives have a much better apprehension of what engineering can and ca nt make. This provides Marriott with a sustainable competitory advantage. CIO Magazine named Marriott International to its Top 100 list for the 5th clip. Marriott is the lone hotel on the list, which recognizes organisations for excellence in information engineering. ( Lodging Hospitality, 2004 ) MarriottÃ¢â¬â¢s presence on this list clearly demonstrates the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s committedness to developing its information systems, and utilizing them to back up its concern. Given that MarriottÃ¢â¬â¢s gross grew by 44 % between 1999 and 2004, and net incomes grew by 49 % over the same period ( Global Market Information Database, 2005 ) at the clip of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s latest investings in information systems, it is clear from this that information systems are critical to the smooth running of a major transnational hotel operation and, so, this provides grounds that information systems are critical for any major concern operation. Besides, in order to farther growing, Marriott is likely to concentrate strongly on international enlargement, which is importa nt, as MarriottÃ¢â¬â¢s portfolio is presently extremely reliant on US hotel gross revenues. As a consequence, Marriott must concentrate on developing the velocity and truth of its information systems to ease this growing, and remain in its current, market leading, place. Mentions Computerworld ( 2001 ) In their ain voices. Vol. 35, Issue 13, p. 42. Global Market Information Database ( 2005 )Marriott International Inc.Euromonitor International. Hamstra, M. ( 1997 )Marriott finds no cookie-cutter solutions for engineering.State s Restaurant News ; Vol. 31, Issue 10, p. 110. Lodging Hospitality. ( 2004 )Tech Bytes.Vol. 60, Issue 13, p. 54. State s Restaurant News ( 1999 )Marriott International s ChefTec makes formula registering a Ã¢â¬ËsnapÃ¢â¬â¢ .Vol. 33, Issue 20, p. 86. Olson, E. G. ( 2005 )Strategically pull offing hazard in the information age: a holistic attack.Journal of Business Strategy ; Vol. 26, Issue 6, p. 45. Rosen, C. ( 2001 )Marriott Uses CRM Application To Hike Gross saless.InformationWeek ; Issue 843, p. 73. Shaw, R. ( 2005 )Free-to-guest services migrate from gross watercourses.Hotel A ; Motel Management ; Vol. 220, Issue 18, p. 26.